ارتباط اقتصاد سایه و فساد با نوآوری

نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه یزد

2 دانشیار اقتصاد، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه یزد

3 کارشناس ارشد اقتصاد، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و حسابداری

10.30465/ce.2022.39089.1725

چکیده

Undoubtedly the ability to innovate and successful product marketing is one of the most important factors in the global competitiveness of economies over the next decade. In other words, innovative activities are a key factor in economic progress and prosperity, as well as a potential factor in meeting global challenges in the economic and social spheres. Therefore, identifying and strengthening the grounds for creating innovation must be studied that have been addressed in this research. The subject of this study is to investigate the effect of shadow economy and corruption on innovation in Iran in the period (2017-1997) using the approach of least partial equations in PLS software. The results of this paper show the positive relationship between the shadow economy and innovation and the positive effect of corruption on innovation. This result is not unexpected, the results of some studies have shown that economic agents are able to take advantage of the bureaucratic structure. Other results of this study have been the negative impact of government size, and democracy on innovation in the period under study in this study. In addition, the results in this article examined the causes and effects of corruption.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between shadow economy and corruption and innovation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham yousefe Babadi 1
  • z n 2
  • mansour sazvar 3
1 Yazd University
2 d
3 Economics, Faculty of Economics, Management and Accounting, Yazd University
چکیده [English]

Undoubtedly the ability to innovate and successful product marketing is one of the most important factors in the global competitiveness of economies over the next decade. In other words, innovative activities are a key factor in economic progress and prosperity, as well as a potential factor in meeting global challenges in the economic and social spheres. Therefore, identifying and strengthening the grounds for creating innovation must be studied that have been addressed in this research. The subject of this study is to investigate the effect of shadow economy and corruption on innovation in Iran in the period (2017-1997) using the approach of least partial equations in PLS software. The results of this article show a positive relationship between the prevalence of corruption and the shadow economy and innovation in Iran. Unemployment, per capita income, democracy and direct tax burden were identified as the causes and the ratio of foreign direct investment to GDP, GDP growth and innovation as the effects of corruption.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Innovation
  • corruption
  • shadow economy
  • Bureaucracy
  • pls
اسد زاده، احمد..، جلیلی، زهرا (1394). اقتصاد سایه و نابرابری درآمدی در ایران. فصلنامه مدل‌سازی اقتصادی، دوره 9، شماره 2 (پیاپی 30)، تابستان 1394، ص 91-109
شاکری، عباس.، مومنی، فرشاد.، محمدی، تیمور.، بهمن­پور، حمید.، علیزاده، سعیده (1393). بررسی اثر اعتماد بر نوآوری در کشورهای با درآمد متوسط (با تأکید بر شعاع بی­اعتمادی فوکویاما). فصلنامه اقتصاد مالی، سال 8، شماره 29، زمستان 1393، ص 19-46
شاه­آبادی، ابوالفضل (1390). منابع انتقال فناوری و رشد اقتصادی ایران. فصلنامه پژوهش­ها و سیاست­های اقتصادی، سال 19، شماره 59
شهاب، محمد رضا.، پژویان، جمشید (1392). ارتباط بین اقتصاد سایه­ای و رشد اقتصادی: یک تحلیل تجربی با استفاده از سیستم معادله­های پانل همزمان. فصلنامه علوم اقتصادی، سال نهم، شماره 30، بهار 1394، ص 1-27
کردی، عبدالرحیم.، خداپرست مشهدی، مهدی (1395). تاثیر فساد بر سرمایه‌گذاری مستقیم خارجی در کشورهای درحال‌توسعه. فصلنامه اقتصاد مالی (اقتصاد مالی و توسعه)، دوره، شماره 36، پاییز 1395، ص 33-50
مداح، مجید.، محمد نیا سروی، زینب (1395).  بررسی رابطه بین فساد اقتصادی، اقتصاد سایه­ای و آلودگی محیط‌زیست در کشورهای منتخب اوپک (رهیافت لیزرل). فصلنامه اقتصاد مقداری (بررسی­های اقتصادی) دوره 13، شماره 4، زمستان 1395، ص 1-18
مطلیی، معصومه، علیزاده، محمد، فرجی دیزجی، سجاد (1398). براورد اقتصاد سایه و فرار مالیاتی با استفاده از مقررات انضباط مالی دولت. فصلنامه­ی اقتصاد مقداری (بررسی­های اقتصادی سابق). دوره 16، شماره 4، زمستان 1398، ص 69-100
نصراللهی، زهرا.، اردکانی، سمانه طالعی (1391). تخمین اقتصاد سایه­ای و بررسی اثرات آن روی آلودگی هوا مطالعه موردی : اقتصاد ایران. فصلنامه پژوهش­های اقتصادی (رشد و توسعه پایدار)، سال هفدهم، شماره 4، زمستان 1391، ص 27-54
Asiedu, E., & Freeman, J. (2009). The effect of corruption on investment growth: Evidence from firms in Latin America, Sub‐Saharan Africa, and transition countries. Review of Development Economics, 13(2), 200-214.
Bouzid, B. N. (2016). Dynamic relationship between corruption and youth unemployment: empirical evidences from a system GMM approach. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (7842).‏
Brooks, G., Walsh, D., Lewis, C., & Kim, H. (2013). Defining Corruption. In Preventing Corruption (pp. 11-26). Palgrave Macmillan, London.‏
Damanpour, F., & Schneider, M. (2006). Phase of the Adoption of innovation in Organization. in British Journal of Management, 17, 269-292.
Dell’Anno, R. (2008). What is the relationship between unofficial and official economy? An analysis in Latin American countries. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, 12(2008), 185-203.‏
González-Fernández, M., González-Velasco, C., & Fanjul-Suárez, J. L. (2020). Corruption, the shadow economy and innovation in Spanish regions. Panoeconomicus, 67(4), 509-537.
Hill, K. Q. (2003). Democratization and corruption: Systematic evidence from the American states. American Politics Research, 31(6), 613-631.‏
Hoinaru, R., Buda, D., Borlea, S. N., Văidean, V. L., & Achim, M. V. (2020). The Impact of Corruption and Shadow Economy on the Economic and Sustainable Development. Do They “Sand the Wheels” or “Grease the   Wheels”?. Sustainability12(2), 481.‏
Huang, Q., & Yuan, T. (2015). Does political corruption impede firm innovation? Evidence from the United States. Forthcoming, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis.
Huang, Q., & Yuan, T. (2021). Does political corruption impede firm innovation? Evidence from the United States. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis56(1), 213-248.‏
Hwang, J. (2002). A note on the relationship between corruption and government revenue. Journal of Economic Development27(2), 161-176.‏
Johnson, S., Kaufmann, D., McMillan, J., & Woodruff, C. (2000). Why do firms hide? Bribes and unofficial activity after communism. Journal of Public Economics, 76(3), 495-520.
Kaufmann, D., & Wei, S. J. (1999). Does" grease money" speed up the wheels of commerce? (No. w7093). National bureau of economic research.‏
Krammer, M. S. (2014). Greasing the wheels of change: The impact of corruption and institutions on firm innovation. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2014, No. 1, p. 10954). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.‏
Lackó, M. (2004). Tax Rates and Corruption: Labour-market and Fiscal Effects. Empirical cross-country comparisons on OECD and transition countries (No. 309). WIIW Research Report.‏
Leff, N. H. (1964). Economic development through bureaucratic corruption. American behavioral scientist, 8(3), 8-14.‏
Lim, K. Y. (2019). Modelling the dynamics of corruption and unemployment with heterogeneous labour. Economic Modelling, 79, 98-117.‏
Lui, F. T. (1986). A dynamic model of corruption deterrence. Journal of public Economics, 31(2), 215-236.‏
Mahagaonkar, P. (2008). Corruption and innovation: a grease or sand relationship? (No. 2008, 017). Jena Economic Research Papers
Mauro, P. (1995). Corruption and growth. The quarterly journal of economics, 110(3), 681-712.‏
Merriam Webster. (2016, March 14). Innovation. Merriam Webster: www.merriam-webster.com.
Mmarnzhad, Abbas., (2005), "Knowledge Based Economy; requirements, indicators, Iran Status, Challenges and Solutions", Journal of New Economy and Commerce, No. 1, 8485
Nguyen, N. A., Doan, Q. H., Nguyen, N. M., & Tran-Nam, B. (2016). The impact of petty corruption on firm innovation in Vietnam. Crime, Law and Social Change65(4), 377-394.‏
Perry, G. E., Arias, O., Fajnzylber, P., Maloney, W. F., Mason, A., & Saavedra-Chanduvi, J. (2007). Informality: Exit and exclusion. The World Bank.
Popadiuk, S., & Choo, C. W. (2006, August). Innovation and knowledge creation: How are these concepts related? International Journal of Information Management: The Journal for Information Professionals, 26 Issue 4, 302-312.
Riaz, M. F., & Cantner, U. (2020). Revisiting the relationship between corruption and innovation in developing and emerging economies. Crime, Law and Social Change73(4), 395-416.‏
Schneider, F. (2003), The shadow economy, in: Rowley, C.K. and F. Schneider (eds.), Encyclopedia of Public Choice, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.
Schneider, F. (2005). Shadow economies around the world: what do we really know?. European Journal of Political Economy, 21(3), 598-642.
Schneider, F. (2006). Shadow economies and corruption all over the world: what do we really know?.‏  University of Linz: Departeman of Economic. Discussion paper Linz. Austria
Schneider, F. (2007). The shadow economies in Middle and South America and their influence on the official economy: What do we know. Disscusion Paper, Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, 3-37.
Schneider, F. (2009). The Size of the Shadow Economy for 25 Transition Countries over 1999/00 to 2006/07: What do we know?. ‏
Schneider, F., Buehn, A., & Montenegro, C. E. (2011). Shadow economies all over the world: New estimates for 162 countries from 1999 to 2007. In Handbook on the shadow economy. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Schneider, F. (2015). Size and development of the shadow economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD countries from 2003 to 2014: different developments?. Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics, 3(4), 7-29.‏
Schneider, F., & Enste, D. H. (2000). Shadow economies: Size, causes, and consequences. Journal of economic literature, 38(1), 77-114.
Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. W. (1993). Corruption. The quarterly journal of economics, 108(3), 599-617.‏
Tedds, L. M., & Giles, D. E. (2002). Taxes and the Canadian underground economy. Taxes and the Canadian underground economy, Toronto: Canadian Tax Foundation.‏ Buehn, A., & Schneider, F. (2008). MIMIC models, cointegration and error correction: An application to the French shadow economy. Available at SSRN 1135882.
Treisman, D. (2000). The causes of corruption: a cross-national study. Journal of public economics, 76(3), 399-457.
Wei, S. J. (2000). How taxing is corruption on international investors?. Review of economics and statistics, 82(1), 1-11.
Wen, J., Zheng, M., Feng, G. F., Chen, S. W., & Chang, C. P. (2020). Corruption and innovation: linear and nonlinear investigations of OECD countries. The Singapore Economic Review65(01), 103-129.‏
Xu, G., & Yano, G. (2017). How does anti-corruption affect corporate innovation? Evidence from recent anti-corruption efforts in China. Journal of Comparative Economics45(3), 498-519.‏
  • تاریخ دریافت: 30 آبان 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 01 فروردین 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 24 فروردین 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 مهر 1401